CAA publishes 60 day update on General Aviation work -
The UK CAA reports that significant progress has been made in 2014 to make regulation of the UK’s General Aviation (GA) sector more proportionate and evidence-based the UK Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) said today.
In the first of what will be regular updates to confirm its work in the area the CAA said that in the last 60 days it had:
• Launched proposals to simplify the initial testing process for experimental aircraft in the UK that will benefit small-scale aircraft designers and manufacturers, as well as encouraging the growth of aerospace excellence in new design concepts. Details at www.caa.co.uk/consultations
• Used the new proportionate approach to regulation to grant an approval to a UK microlight manufacturer that has made it financially viable to sell its aircraft as finished factory-built types rather than amateur-build kits. More details here.
• Published its finalised policy framework for GA. This will be used by the CAA as a basis for decisions around GA regulation, providing a transparent process for the GA community and others to follow. It explains how decisions will now be made based on evidence and risk. It can be viewed at www.caa.co.uk/ga
• Scrapped the need for UK validation of design changes for Annex II aircraft via supplementary type certificates approved by a state with which the UK holds a bilateral agreement – such as the US or Canada. Meaning the owner/operator of an aircraft can simply arrange for installation of the modification as per the approval and then get their maintenance organisation to certify its installation in the aircraft’s log-book. More details here.
• Withdrawn the overflight restriction from the permit operating limitations of factory-built, type-approved gyroplanes. Meaning they can be flown over congested areas providing pilots can demonstrate they can manoeuvre their gyroplane clear of a built up area should it suffer a failure preventing continued safe flight, such as an engine failure. More details here.
• Allowed owners of light aircraft to choose which fuel they use, including MOGAS, providing it is approved for their aircraft. Details at www.caa.co.uk/ga
• Published clear guidance on restoring vintage aircraft, available at www.caa.co.uk/ga
All of the changes support the CAA’s new top level principles for GA regulation:
• Only regulate directly when necessary and do so proportionately
• Deregulate where we can
• Delegate where appropriate
• Do not gold-plate, and quickly and efficiently remove gold-plating that already exists
• Help create a vibrant and dynamic GA sector in the UK.
Commenting on the work Grant Shapps, Government Minister Without Portfolio, said: "This is yet another good set of measures that will provide a much-needed boost to GA. They will allow for innovation to be unlocked in the sector, creating exciting new business opportunities that could bring jobs and growth to the UK".
Similar 60 day updates will be published throughout 2015 on 2 March; 1 May; 1 July; 1 Sep; and 2 Nov.
NATS VOR Replacement Programme
NATS currently operates 46 Doppler VHF Omni Range (DVOR) navigation beacons across the UK to provide an en-route navigation service as either stand alone beacons or, more commonly, co-located with Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) beacons. Information Notice IN-2014/199 refers.
The age of these facilities means that either replacement or withdrawal has become necessary. In line with the ECAC-wide (European Civil Aviation Conference) Navigation Strategy and following the extension of the mandate for the carriage of Area Navigation (RNAV) equipment to all levels in controlled airspace, the CAA gave approval in principle for the reduction of the VOR infrastructure from 46 to 19 sites.
The facilities at the sites identified for retention will gradually be replaced with new equipment and each replacement will result in a period of approximately three months when the facility is unavailable for use.
NATS have identified the first VORs to be replaced under this programme and the work started in April 2014. The first three sites are Otringham (OTR), Berry Head (BHD) and Lands End (LND). Each replacement will be subject to an Impact Assessment.
The replacement of OTR commenced on 22 April 2014 and the work was completed at the end of July. However, subsequent problems have delayed the return to service of the facility until 16 December 2014.
The replacement of BHD is scheduled to commence on 7 January 2015 and is planned to be complete by 7 April 2015. The following points have been identified in the relevant Impact Assessment and should be noted by all airspace users:
- There are a number of promulgated Air Traffic Services (ATS) routes detailed in the UK Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP) that are based on the BHD VOR. All of these routes are within airspace where the carriage of RNAV 5 equipment is mandatory and therefore the unavailability of the VOR will only reduce levels of redundancy and will have minimal impact on these routes.
- Exeter Airport – There are several procedures at Exeter Airport that make operational use of the BHD VOR, and the Exeter MATS Part 2 contains procedural separations based on BHD. However, as the airport is equipped with radar +, these procedural separations are only used in times of radar failure. The Senior Air Traffic Control Officer (SATCO) at Exeter Airport has confirmed that there will be no major impact to the airport operation during the replacement of the BHD VOR.
- Bristol Airport – The initial part of the Bristol Airport Arrival from BHD to EXMOR is contained within the ATS route N862 which is mandatory RNAV 5 airspace and is controlled by NERL or delegated to Cardiff. Although the Standard Arrival (STAR) is defined conventionally on the chart using BHD VOR and DME, the unavailability of the VOR will not impact the ability of aircraft to execute the STAR. The Bristol EXMOR Standard Instrument Departure (SID) has EXMOR defined by a conventional fix from Brecon (BCN) VOR/DME.
- Cardiff Airport – The initial part of the Cardiff CDF 3D Arrival from BHD to EXMOR is contained within the ATS route N862 as above and similarly the unavailability of the VOR will not impact the ability of aircraft to execute the STAR. The Cardiff EXMOR SID is defined by the BHD VOR/DME. (Noting that in the Cardiff STAR and Bristol’s SID, EXMOR is defined by a VOR/DME fix from BCN). During the period when BHD is unavailable it will be necessary to temporarily redefine the Cardiff EXMOR SID from the BCN VOR/DME. This mitigation will be published in an AIP Supplement to be released on 18 December 2014 and follow up Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) action.
Guernsey Airport – BHD provides a VOR/DME navigation fix for the SKERY and BINGO significant points on SID charts. The SATCO at Guernsey Airport has confirmed that there is no foreseen operational impact for Guernsey or Alderney as a result of the unavailability of the BHD VOR.
- Jersey Airport – See the above paragraph for Guernsey.
- The unavailability of the BHD VOR will have minimal impact on Air Transport and General Aviation.
Details of the replacement period for Lands End (LND), including relevant information from its Impact Assessment, will be promulgated nearer to the commencement of the work. The start date for this work has yet to be finalised but should be soon after the completion of the BHD replacement.
Any queries or requests for further guidance as a result of this communication should be addressed to:
Safety and Airspace Regulation Group
Telephone: +44 (0)20 7453 6553
EASA Public Consultation Results - Aviation Safety and Regulation (EC) 216/2008
EASA have published a summary of the responses to the 2014 Commission questionnaire, about Aviation Safety and possible revision of Regulation (EC) 216/2008. This include input made by AOPA.
The response from EASA should be out early in the New Year and it will then go to the Commission with an opinion from EASA. By the 3rd Quarter of 2015 it will go through the European Parliamentary process before any amendment is made to the basic regulation (EC) 216/2008.
GAAC - Airfield Planning Issues Report August to November 2014 :
The GAAC is the most representative UK body in General Aviation and is recognised as such by Government, the CAA and others to be the organisation that speaks for General Aviation on planning and environmental issues. AOPA provides significant funding to the GAAC.
This is the latest Airfield report produced by Steve Slater for the GAAC :
The continuing trend of airfield pressures, both from economic and housing threats and from inappropriate developments such as wind turbines in the immediate vicinity of flying sites, sadly continues. As has been reported in the past, this is led by government policy in prioritising land for housing ahead of other areas of infrastructure including transportation, which has in turn led to developers attempting to ‘cash in’ on the land resources.
The GAAC role in these cases has been to provide objective responses to those seeking to keep airfields open, while attempting to advise local planning officers both of the importance of GA airfield as a part of their local business, transport and economic infrastructure, and the recognition of this in the National Planning Policy Framework. In addition the GAAC is also actively driving the importance of leisure aviation as a resource and advocating local airfields’ role in providing accessible and sustainable flying training.
Overall, the recent Government response to the Red Tape Challenge brought good news in terms of recognition of the importance of the GA industry and the need for sustaining a reasonable infrastructure to support it.However it was disappointing to note that airfields and planning was the one area in which Grant Shapps and his team had failed to address any of the questions raised within the challenge.
The continuing wish to devolve decision making to Local Planning Authorities and the support of continued CAA inaction in the protection of small and medium-sized airfields is flawed. Unless we lobby for a change of policy, current Government activities, by accident or design, will come too late to prevent the hemorrhaging of airfield sites, currently being lost to other land uses.
One means of creating greater protection for the change of use for sites would to be require that any change of use for an established airfield should be subject to the scrutiny of a Planning Enquiry. This is a procedure already used in some EU countries such as Germany.
This would at least ensure the debate, and any subsequent decision, would be subject to the measured and objective decision of a Planning Inspector, who is in a better position to offer an overview including airfields’ role as a part of the national transport and economic infrastructure. It would also act as a potential test of whether the aviation community in a particular area can offer a strong enough case for an airfield’s viability to convince an Inspector of its retention.
Currently, serious doubts about the objectivity of local councils often lead to a feeling of a ‘fait accompli’ once airfields are threatened. A decade ago, it was noted in the Lober Report that 41% of local planning authorities indicated they would offer no proactive protection to offer planning safeguards for flying sites and only 7% indicated that they would seek to protect flying sites. The involvement of the Planning Inspectorate in any change of use of airfields would significantly enhance the future protection of airfields as a part of the national infrastructure.
A further alternative may be to compel Local Planning Authorities to enter into formal consultation with the CAA as part of the change of use process, and that the CAA should be legally required to make formal comment on any changes of airfield planning status.
The recent closure of Blackpool airport on financial grounds by Balfour Beatty has focussed attention on the failure of business model generated in the early 2000s of trying to turn what had been successful GA airfields into ‘regional airports’ aimed at attracting low cost airlines, at the expense of GA operations.
In addition to Blackpool, there are worrying signs that other similar operations are showing signs of distress. Perhaps now is the time for the GA sector to step forward in advocating more holistic use of the remaining airfield infrastructure and finding ways of demonstrating that GA offers airport operators a reasonable revenue stream?
As part of recent inputs to Government, The GAAC made as submission on the current status of GA airfields to the All-Party Transport Select Committee last month. The GAAC has also attended meetings with the Aerodrome Operators Association and Richard Kaberry the senior consultant for York Aviation, who is carrying out the Government’s GA research project.
Blackpool, Manston and Panshanger Closures
While all three of these airfields are now officially closed, activities continue to attempt to maintain some scope for their use for GA purposes.
At Blackpool, limited operations continue for based operators such as Westair, but no visiting aircraft are being accepted. Negotiations continue with local council and other interested parties, but concerns are that if no alternative is found by late November, the airfield infrastructure and assets will be dismantled and sold off.
At Manston, much of the infrastructure and resources have been sold and although Thanet District Council have pledged to debate a compulsory purchase order, the site has already been sold to a 'regeneration company’ for other land uses. Political pressure to maintain part of site for GA use is ongoing, potentially converting a taxiway to a GA runway, allowing redevelopment of a large part of the remaining site.
Panshanger was closed at the end of September when land-owner Mariposa Developments refused to extend the lease of their airfield tenants’ contracts, forcing airfield closure and removal of all aircraft. WHDC is however being pressurised to maintain airfield planning status, and as part of demonstrating sustainability, we have prepared documents for Save Panshanger and WHDC outlining GA aircraft parking requirements in SE England and contributed to a letter requesting that WHDC prevent Mariposa carrying out any demolition or disruption of landing areas, on safety grounds, till spring 2015. .
In late July, the owners of the Wellesbourne airfield site presented a ‘Scoping Consultation’ document to Stratford District Council, presenting their plans for mixed housing and commercial development on the airfield site. We have supported Wellesbourne Matters with a GAAC objection to the proposal, filed with Stratford District Council, reminding them of their commitment as part of their core strategy plan that: “the established flying function of the airfield should be retained due to its importance to the local economy”.
Wellesbourne Matters have developed a radical approach to defending the airfield by focussing on fund raising to hire a legal practice, Zyda Law,that normally specialises in representing developers to refute protest group arguements. Among the initiatives they are employing is the development of alternative planning options, combining housing with continued use of the airfield, to demonstrate that the housing developer’s option is not the only one available.
The GAAC is closely monitoring concerns that Wycombe District Council are attempting to ‘claw back’ around 30 acres of land on the south side of the aerodrome, in a similar location to that unsuccessfully proposed for a football stadium in 2011, to develop light industry sites. While Wycombe is already well served by such industrial areas, the council are thought to be using this development provide justification for an additional southerly spur road from the M40 Handy Cross intersection, which would in turn unlock around 1000 acres of land on the SE of the M40 intersection for potential housing that cannot currently be allocated due to a lack of appropriate road access.
The council are attempting to achieve the airfield ‘land grab’ by rejecting the renewal of the existing airfield lease, which was taken over by Heli-Air. While the GAAC does not wish to get involved in the likely legal battle between the two parties, were the area of airfield be lost, it would mean the loss of the airfield’s N/S runway and the end of gliding operations by Booker Gliding Club.
Good News. Bentwaters and Rochester
Suffolk Coastal District Council have, after a vigorous debate and objections posted by organisations including the National Trust, unanimously approved plans to increase flights at the former US airbase, Bentwaters, near Woodbridge. Flights will be limited to historic, classic or vintage aircraft, or piston-engined general aviation planes, or other aircraft below a maximum take-off weight of 15 tonnes. A maximum of 960 aircraft movements a year will be permitted, no more than 40 a week, with no flying between 9pm and 7am.
Rochester Airport is in the final stages of planning approval for the Council-led plans to redevelop the airfield with a lit tarmac and parallel grass runway, new hangars and admin buildings, as part of a 25-year plan. The planning process is expected to be completed in December and work on redevelopment will begin in 2015.
Wind Turbines / Safeguarding
The initial planning applications for the two large wind turbine developments at Bullington Cross and South Woodmancott, which threaten operations at Lasham and Popham, have been refused by all three local council planning committees and, as both applications will now either move to public enquiry or be ‘called in’ by the Secretary of State for direct decision, we have successfully lobbied for the LPA to give grounds for rejection including "impact on GA (not just military Radar) at Lasham and Popham - and recognition of their ‘value and of national policy thereon’. This gives case precedence for both airfields' involvement in likely Public Enquiries or Secretary of State submissions. The GAAC has also offered all three councils’ assistance in preparing supporting submissions on behalf of the GA Community.
The past months have seen the GAAC successfully lead to the removal of two inappropriate wind turbine development proposals in the immediate vicinity of ‘farm strip’ flying sites in Devon, but three new cases have been come to light. In each case the developer has clearly ignored a visible and long-established flying site, hoping to hoodwink or force through an application without carrying out an appropriate risk analysis or contacting the flying site operator. In each case we have reminded the LPA that the development is in breach of CAA advice and if allowed they place the local authority in a potential position of liability if a resulting incident were to occur.
It was noteworthy that none of these flying sites had been unofficially safeguarded by the submission of plans to the LPA. However the reaction from most ‘Flying Farmers’ is that they “get nothing but hassle from their LPAs and would rather keep a low profile or they don't want to open a bag of worms.” One FFA member stated “Until there is a more professional attitude from LPAs, and with my own experience, I find it difficult to advise our members to go through that performance.”
At the November GAAC council meeting, safeguarding specialist Richard Vousden agreed to work with GAAC to create an information sheet for local planning officers, in a similar form to the advice provided on wind turbines. This fact sheet will be available in early 2015.
Downwind Turbulence Research
Results of the research work on downwind turbulence from wind turbines initiated by GAAC, via the crossindustry Air Space Initiative Wind Farm Working Group, and funded by CAA and Renewable UK, will shortly be published. It is hoped that an initial briefing on the Liverpool University project may be available at the ASIWWG meeting on Thursday 20th November and that the final report will be published early next year, in time for inclusion in an updated version of CAP 764. This will offer a more complex and accurate model than the current ‘16 x rotor diameter’ figure based on 2003 research.
In addition, the GAAC are continuing to work with the industry to try to both develop mitigation and awareness of the specific needs of and risks to General Aviation. In addition to our work with the Air Space Initiative Wind Farm Working Group (ASIWWG), for the first time we have been invited to address the Renewable UK national conference, giving an unprecedented opportunity to present the case for General Aviation as a specific category with different requirements to Commercial Air Transport.
We have been made aware of the start of a consultative process by London Oxford Airport regarding the application of a radio mandatory zone (RMZ) for air traffic operations to the north of the airport: https://sites.google.com/site/oxfordairportrmz/home .
As this is based on their wish for a known airworthiness environment for traffic flying NDB approaches to runway 19 from the Daventry NDB, it is likely to directly involve and potentially exclude non-radio traffic currently known to be operating from Shennington, Shotteswell, Bicester, Hinton and Enstone as well as several private airfields in the area. It will also potentially impact on airfield utilisation at Chiltern Park, Turweston, Sywell, Wellesbourne and further afield as en-route traffic will almost certainly be affected.
While GAAC is not directly involved in airspace discussions, Stephen Slater circulated information to the LAA, BMAA and BGA informing them of the situation, to allow them to respond on behalf of members. The VAC will also preparing their own response on behalf of our 300 Vintage Aircraft Club members, many of whom operate non-radio vintage and classic airfield in this area.
Significant Areas for Sport
Work continues on the future classification by Sport England of flying sites as Significant Areas for Sport (SASP), based on sport flying and competition aerobatic activities, giving additional planning protection. Currently around 15 sites have been identified for consideration by Sport England.
However some of these sites have requested a delay while the land owners are consulted as there are clearly implications for future sale of land in the future. Following further dialogue with the LAA, BMAA, British Aerobatic Association, Royal Aero Club, Helicopter Club of Great Britain, it is hoped that an aerodrome owners’ questionnaire for each site will be completed by the end of December.
Anemometer Mast Conspicuity
One of the major steps forward in recent weeks has been development of greater conspicuity for ‘met masts’. While we have no statutory capability, the CAA asked the GAAC to provide advice to planning officers in a joint initiative. We initially advocated the use of ‘spherical orange markers’ such as used on high-voltage power cables. The weight of these however caused concerns of potential structural overload in high winds or icing condition, so we researched the creation of greater visual acquisition of the 15 bird flight deflectorsalready required to be placed on each outer guy wire.
We identified a specific type of reflective bird flight deflector, which is 135mm in diameter and weighing 0.2kg, which may achieve reasonable visual recognition at about 1km without the additional structural load. As a result of the moves forward in this respect, the CAA has requested wording from GAAC to be incorporated in the next update to CAP 764 “CAA Policy and Guidelines on Wind Turbines” early in 2015.
14th November 2014
Take a guided tour around UK airspace :
The skies above the UK have been brought to life like never before in a video showing a day of air traffic in less than three minutes.
Created from actual radar data showing over 7,000 flights, the video graphically illustrates the daily task facing air traffic controllers and the airspace features that help make it all work.
Created by air traffic management company, NATS, the video takes viewers on a unique tour of some of the key features of UK airspace – from the four holding stacks over London and the military training zones above Wales, to the helicopters delivering people and vital supplies to the North Sea oil and gas rigs.
It finishes with an overview of the structure of UK airspace, highlighting the major air routes and showing how this ‘invisible infrastructure’ helps underpin the entire operation.
Matt Mills, NATS Head of Digital Communications, said: “We’ve made data visualisations in the past, but we wanted to now take people on a deeper journey into what makes UK airspace work and some of its important features.
“Airspace might be the invisible infrastructure, but it is every bit as important as the airports and runways on the ground.”
See the Video HERE.
Summary of the Proposed Amendment to the Aircrew Regulation :
The CAA have published IN-2014/188: Summary of the Proposed Amendment to the Aircrew Regulation that Is Expected to Come into Force on 8 April 2015 :
1.1 The process of adopting the next amendment to Regulation (EU) No. 1178/2011 - ‘the Aircrew Regulation’ - into legislation by the European Parliament has begun. It will come into force on 8 April 2015. This Information Notice provides an overview of the changes that will be made by this amendment and their implications. The text of the amending regulation will be published by the European Commission in the Spring of 2015.
1.2 It is emphasised that none of these changes will come into force until 8 April 2015. The changes, made by the amendment cannot be used until that date.
2 The proposed changes to the Aircrew Regulation
2.1 Transition of Registered Facilities to Approved Training Organisations - Article 10(a) The effect of the amendment will be that, from 8 April 2015, any Registered Training Facility (RTF) will be permitted to provide instruction for the Light Aircraft Pilot Licences (LAPL) for the same category of aircraft for which the RTF provides PPL training (aeroplanes or helicopters). This will be in addition to continuing to provide the training that the RTF was permitted to provide previously. RTFs will be permitted to continue in this manner until 8 April 2018. Alternatively, they may apply to become Approved Training Organisations (ATOs) at any time.
Any extension to the scope of training given by existing RTFs (beyond the LAPL and the training previously conducted) will only be permitted if the RTF becomes an ATO. Any new training organisation will have to apply to be an ATO. Existing ATOs are not affected by this change.
The further deferment of the deadline for RTFs to become ATOs is to allow for a review and revision of the requirements that apply to organisations of this kind. The rules that apply to organisations providing training that exceeds the scope of RTFs (such as training for CPL, IR or type ratings) are not expected to change as a result of the proposed review.
2.2 Further deferment of the mandatory use of certain new licences and ratings - Article 12 Consistent with the extension of the transition period for Registered Facilities, certain other deadlines are also to be extended. With the coming into force of the amendment on 8 April 2015, the mandatory requirements to hold:
- a LAPL(A), LAPL(H), LAPL(S) or LAPL(B);
- a BPL or SPL;
- Aerobatic Rating, Towing Rating or Mountain Rating; or
- a Mountain Instructor Certificate
are deferred until 8 April 2018.
In the UK, until 8 April 2018, the equivalent national licences and rules may be used instead of the Part-FCL licences, ratings and certificates listed above in both EASA and nonEASA/Annex II aircraft; or, alternatively, the Part-FCL qualifications may be obtained and used.
For example: until 8 April 2018 a UK NPPL(A) with SSEA rating, or a UK (pre-JAR-FCL) national Private Pilot Licence (PPL(A)) with SEP or SSEA rating, may be used instead of a LAPL(A) to fly an EASA aeroplane - within the scope of the privileges of a LAPL(A) only. The LAPL(A) privileges are to fly SEP aeroplanes not exceeding 2000 kg maximum take-off mass, with a maximum of 4 persons onboard, under the Visual Flight Rules. A UK NPPL(A) or UK national PPL(A) will not be valid to fly any EASA aeroplane on any flight from 8 April 2018 onwards. However, a Part-FCL LAPL(A) or PPL(A) may be obtained at any time and used to fly EASA and non-EASA/Annex II aeroplanes (within the scope of the licence privileges) indefinitely.
Some of the other transition end dates will not change. The mandatory date for the use of the following Part-FCL licences, ratings and certificates will remain 8 April 2015:
- Airship and powered lift;
- Flight Test Rating;
- Flight Test Instructor;
- Multi Crew Co-operation Instructor for Helicopters.
2.3 Continuation of training for national licences that have Part-FCL equivalents until 8 April 2018.
Provision will be made for national training organisations providing training for national equivalents to new Part-FCL licences to continue to do so until 8 April 2018. In the UK this applies to organisations providing training to balloon pilots and sailplane/glider pilots under UK legislation. National qualifications obtained in this manner prior to 8 April 2018 will be convertible to Part-FCL licences. Part-FCL licences will be mandatory to fly EASA balloons and sailplanes from 8 April 2018 onwards.
2.4 Further deferment of the application of European licensing rules to pilots using third country licences to fly third country aircraft based in Europe, or aircraft registered in Europe, for non- commercial purposes.
For pilots who hold pilot licences issued by third countries, the UK had already deferred until 8 April 2015 the requirement to obtain a Part-FCL licence or a validation of their third country licences to conduct non-commercial flights in UK registered aircraft, or in aircraft registered elsewhere that are used by operators based in Europe. This was the maximum period allowable under the Aircrew Regulation as presently published. The next amendment of the
Aircrew Regulation will allow the application of this requirement to be deferred until 8 April 2016, and the UK will do so. (See IN-2014/171 for further details).
2.5 Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT)
ICAO Annex I now requires that training for CPL(A), MPL(A) and Type Ratings for multi-pilot aeroplanes shall include Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT). To comply with ICAO Annex I, this requirement will be added to the relevant sections of Part-FCL, but the covering regulation will defer the application of the requirements until 8 April 2018. EASA will develop the AMC material during the deferment period.
2.6 Maximum age of pilots for commercial balloon and sailplane flights - FCL.065
With effect from 8 April 2015, Part-FCL will be amended so that the age above which pilots holding Balloon Pilot Licences (BPL) or Sailplane Pilot Licences (SPL) are prohibited from conducting commercial air transport flights will be increased from 65 to 70 years. Note that, as described in paragraph 2.2 above, the use of Part-FCL licences to fly EASA balloons and sailplanes will become mandatory on 8 April 2018.
2.7 PPL(A) training - FCL.210.A
This rule will be amended to allow PPL(A) training to be given in aeroplanes or Touring Motor Gliders (TMGs) or any combination of the two. The privileges granted to the applicant will be determined by the category of aircraft in which the student passes the skill test, e.g. if the skill test is in a TMG, the licence will be limited to TMGs.
2.8 Balloon privileges revalidation - FCL.230.B
The rules for the revalidation of balloon privileges will be amended to allow them to be renewed for the balloon group of the pilot’s choosing - within the pilot’s previously obtained group ratings.
2.9 Single Engine Piston (SEP) and TMG rating revalidation - FCL.740.A
The rules for SEP and TMG rating revalidation will be revised:
i) to allow proficiency checks and assessments of competence in other classes and types
of aeroplane to be used instead of the flight with an instructor for ‘revalidation by experience’; and
ii) to be less onerous for pilots holding both landplane and seaplane class ratings.
2.10 Revalidation of SEP and TMG ratings by FI(A) and CRI(A)
A new paragraph FCL.945 is to be added to make provision for instructors who conduct the training flight for SEP or TMG revalidation by experience to be individually authorised by the Competent Authority to endorse the revalidation page of the pilot’s licence. This will enable the CAA to introduce a Part-FCL equivalent to the “Revalidation Examiner Certificate” previously issued under national rules. Only instructors with the privileges to instruct for the SEP and/or TMG rating will be eligible to be authorised.
2.11 Provision for examiners to test students they have given some instruction to - FCL.1005(a).
The requirement is to be amended so that an examiner may test a student to whom they have given up to 25% of the instruction required for the licence, rating or certificate. 2.12 Validation of third country licences for short periods for visiting private pilots and participation in competitions and air displays - Annex III.
Annex III to Part-FCL will be amended to set out new requirements for the validation of third country licences for pilots visiting Europe for short periods for private purposes, or to participate in displays and competitions. In many cases these new requirements for licence validation will not apply until 8 April 2016 because of the deferment described in paragraph 2.4 above.
2.13 Special medical circumstances - Part-ARA, ARA.MED.330
Part-ARA will be amended to allow Competent Authorities, subject to specified conditions, to make use of new developments in medicine when assessing the medical fitness of pilots.
2.14 Other changes:
The amendment will make other changes to correct errors and omissions, improve clarity and alleviate some issues that have been encountered in the implementation of Part-ARA by competent authorities.
The affected sections are:
- FCL.105.B LAPL(B) – Privileges;
- FCL.825(g)(6) - EIR - Training in multi engine aeroplanes will be credited for single engine aeroplanes;
- FCL.915 - linkage to Operational Suitability Data;
- FCL.910.TRI - Extension to other types;
- FCL.905.CRI - Extension to include LAPL(A);
- FCL.1005.CRE - Extension to include LAPL(A);
- Appendix 1 - Clarification of Theoretical Knowledge for LAPL, PPL, SPL, BPL;
- Appendix 6 - Clarifications in paragraphs 1 and 6;
- Appendix 9 - Provision for taking credit for similar types;
- Annex II - Corrections to tables;
- Annex III - Corrections to tables;
- Part-ARA, ARA.GEN.305 - Oversight cycle;
- Part-ARA, ARA.FCL.200 - Procedures for SEP/TMG revalidation;
- Part-ARA, Appendix 1 - Flight Crew Licence;
- Part-ARA, Appendix 2 - Cabin Crew Attestations;
- Part-ORA, ORA.GEN.200 Annual organisation review.
3.1 Any queries concerning this communication should be addressed to:
Licensing - Shared Services Centre
Civil Aviation Authority
GE, Aviation House
4.1 This Information Notice will remain in force until 1 May 2015.
The original document can be read/downloaded here.
Implementation of Standardised European Rules of the Air
(SERA) Part A & B :
The CAA Safety and Airspace Regulation Group have just issued the following letter on this subject :-
14 November 2014
IMPLEMENTATION OF STANDARDISED EUROPEAN RULES OF THE AIR (SERA) PART A & B
1. European Commission Regulation 932/2012 (the ‘SERA Regulation’) establishes the common Rules of the Air and operational provisions regarding services and procedures in air navigation. In recognition of the many changes to national regulations required to implement the SERA Regulation, the UK notified our intention to complete our transition planning in advance of those aspects of European law that will currently take effect in the UK on 4 December 2014. It is our intention that there will be no material change to the UK rules with effect from this date. This letter explains the position in more detail.
2. You will be aware that the introduction of the SERA Regulation has been challenging with regard to the volume of change required to extant UK legislation and the associated operational processes. As part of that work, it is necessary to amend the UK Air Navigation Order 2009 (ANO) to legally designate the CAA to be the Competent Authority under the SERA Regulation. Further changes to the ANO, together with the replacement of The Rules of the Air Regulations 2007, are required to ensure that our national legislation aligns with the SERA Regulation. It had been anticipated that these changes would have been made by the Department for Transport before the SERA Regulation came into effect in the UK. However, notwithstanding considerable effort to try and make it happen, it is now evident that the designation of the CAA as the UK Competent Authority will not now be achieved before 10 December, with the other required changes to the ANO and introduction of the replacement Rules of the Air Regulations (as The Rules of the Air Regulations 2015) expected to occur in early 2015.
3. Even if the required changes had been effected by 4 December 2014, it would have been necessary to utilise the derogation, exemption and permission flexibility options that exist within the EASA legislative arrangements set to allow the CAA to safeguard essential UK specific requirements and avoid potential negative operational impacts. These issues have been discussed on a number of occasions, most recently at the combined NATMAC/ATSSRAC meeting on 9 October and again at the General Aviation Partnership meeting on 13 November.
Of major concern to us was:
- The loss of the UK application of VMC minima below 3000 ft in Class C, D and E airspace;
- Impacts on the Rules of the Air Regulations regarding the Low Flying Prohibitions and the Exemptions from the Low Flying Prohibitions (Rule 5 and Rule 6 respectively);
- A limitation applicable to ATC in respect of the ground visibility conditions at an aerodrome which would preclude the issue of Special VFR clearances within a Control Zone away from the affected aerodrome; this could, in turn, result in a pilot having to avoid a Control Zone despite meeting the prescribed in flight visibility requirements within a portion of it.
4. Having considered various regulatory options and on the basis of advice from the CAA’s Office of the General Counsel, we will issue general operational exemptions from SERA under Article 14(4) of the EASA Basic Regulation from 4 December 2014 until 10 December 2014 targeted on those rules which would have an impact on UK operations. These will mirror the operational exemptions and permissions the CAA would have issued under SERA if it was then designated as the Competent Authority, to cover that short period until CAA is legally designated. As such, it is our intention that existing arrangements will continue to apply until you are notified otherwise and this includes no changes to the VFR limits or low-flying rules, the quadrantal rule in Class G airspace nor with regard to the ability to operate as VFR or SVFR at night.
5. On 10 December the CAA will then, as Competent Authority, issue the same operational Permissions and General Exemptions considered necessary to effect UK SERA implementation as originally intended. The net result of this action will be to minimise the level of change to UK aviation arrangements on 4 December 2014 in respect of the SERA Regulation as anticipated in our original implementation proposals, such that the effect on UKK operations should be
minimal and indeed industry should not notice any significant change in operations.
6. We are pursuing a permanent derogation from SERA.5001 requirement to retain our current national VMC minima in respect of the VMC below 3000 feet in Class C, D and E airspace and have notified under Article 14.6 of the EASA Basic Regulation the Commission and EASA to that effect.
7. This action should, in the longer term, enable the existing UK VMC/VFR minima to continue to be available when the initial Exemption expires. We are content that there will be no adverse impact on the safety of operations in our airspace through retention of our current capabilities. I will provide you with a copy of the relevant exemption and derogation texts in due course. We will also pursue a permanent derogation to SERA.5010 (b)(2) to avoid the unintended effect of ATC not being able to issue a Special VFR clearance when the ground visibility at the reporting aerodrome is below the specified new criteria despite a pilot being able to fly in VMC (or under a Special VFR clearance) within a Control Zone away from the affected aerodrome.
8. Separately, but alongside the changes required by the introduction of the SERA Regulation, is the removal of Class F airspace and its replacement with Class E or G airspace. This addresses an outstanding finding from the 2009 ICAO USOAP audit of the UK and work has been completed to ensure the safe integration of IFR and VFR traffic in Class E airspace; therefore, the proposed changes to Class F airspace went ahead on 13 November as planned. In almost all cases existing Letters of Agreement will continue to be applicable. Every effort has been made to ensure that the necessary arrangements are in place to accommodate the changesbrought about in connection with N560D and to facilitate gliding access.
Group Director Safety and Airspace Regulation
Replacement of Class F Airspace - Class E Airspace Phraseology and Traffic Information. :
Information Notice IN-2014/154 notified industry of the replacement of Class F airspace within the UK FIRs on AIRAC 12/2014 (13 November 2014). Six existing Advisory Routes (ADRs) will be disestablished and the remainder re-designated as Class E+ Transponder Mandatory Zone (TMZ) airways, with or without changes to their vertical and/or longitudinal limits.
Information Notice IN–2014/183 provides further information about the replacement of Class F Airspace and Class E Airspace Phraseology and Traffic Information as below :-
1.1 Information Notice IN-2014/154 notified industry of the replacement of Class F airspace within the UK FIRs on AIRAC 12/2014 (13 November 2014).
1.2 Six existing Advisory Routes (ADRs) will be disestablished and the remainder re-designated as Class E+ Transponder Mandatory Zone (TMZ) airways, with or without changes to their vertical and/or longitudinal limits.
2 Air Traffic Services Within Class E+TMZ Airways
2.1 The removal of Class F airspace and the co-incidental introduction of Class E+TMZ airways has led to a re-evaluation of service provision within UK Class E airspace to bring it into line with ICAO and European expectations. Visual Flight Rules (VFR) flights within Class E airspace will therefore be provided with UK Flight Information Services (FIS) (i.e. Traffic or Basic Service) as defined in CAP 774 ‘UK Flight Information Services’ upon request and subject to controller workload.
2.2 All Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) flights shall be subject to an Air Traffic Control (ATC) clearance and require continuous two-way communications. Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) flights will be provided with relevant traffic information on participating and non-participating VFR flights; traffic avoidance advice will be provided if requested.
2.3 IFR holds might not be fully contained within Class E airways. Controllers are not required to advise pilots on the change of Air Traffic Services (ATS) as IFR flights leave and join Class E airways as part of IFR holding. However, the type of UK Flight Information Service (FIS) provided to such flights in Class G airspace will either be a Deconfliction Service, or, in theabsence of surveillance, a Procedural Service. Pilots can expect a Deconfliction Service,
which does not need to be announced, although controllers must advise pilots if a Procedural Service will be provided.
2.4 VFR aircraft within Class E+TMZ airways shall carry and operate a Mode S Secondary Surveillance Radar (SSR) transponder. VFR flights do not require ATC clearance and, subject to comply with the notified TMZ requirements, do not require two-way communications. VFR flights not complying with the notified SSR carriage and operation requirements require approval to enter the airspace. Such aircraft are required to be either in radio contact with the controlling authority or to operate in accordance with agreed procedures.
2.5 VFR flights operating without a functioning Mode S SSR transponder and in radio contact with the appropriate controlling authority may exceptionally, and as precaution to ensure safe integration of participating VFR aircraft in conflict with IFR traffic on the Class E+TMZ airway, not receive immediate approval to enter Class E+TMZ airspace. Should this occur, affected pilots will be informed of the reason(s) why. Approval to enter the airspace will follow as soon as possible thereafter. Such action complies with generic UK ATS duty of care requirements contained within CAP 774 Chapter 1 and Appendix A.
2.7 For the purposes of this IN and the phraseology contained in the Annex, the word ‘approved’ means ‘permission for proposed action granted’, as stated in CAP 413 ‘Radiotelephony Manual’, Chapter 2: Radiotelephony page 9, Standard Words and Phrases (Table 8).
3 Traffic Information to Pilots of IFR Aircraft
3.1 IFR aircraft shall be provided with traffic information as far as is practicable on VFR aircraft (ICAO Annex 11 Appendix 4 ). Controllers will update the traffic information if it continues to constitute a definite hazard, or if requested to by the pilot.
3.2 Within the Class E+TMZ airways, traffic will be normally considered relevant when, in the judgement of the controller, the conflicting aircraft’s observed flight profile indicates that it will pass within 3 NM and, where level information is available, 3,000 ft of the aircraft in receipt of the Radar Control Service. However, controllers may also use their judgement to decide on occasions when such traffic is not relevant, e.g. passing behind or within the parameters but
a) Pilots must be aware that high controller workload and Radiotelephony (RTF) loading may reduce the ability of the controller to pass traffic information and affect the timeliness of such information.
b) It is not possible to pass traffic information on unknown aircraft where an ATC Service is provided without the aid of surveillance systems. Additionally, ATC provision is constrained by the inability of ATC surveillance systems to detect all aircraft in all circumstances.
3.3 IFR flights will be provided with avoiding action when requested by the pilot. If the pilot reports that he has the unknown aircraft in sight further controller action may then be limited to passing traffic information.
3.4 VFR flights that request an ATS shall be provided with traffic information as far as practical by means of a UK FIS as requested by the pilot, subject to ATS unit capability to provide the requested service.
3.5 Parameters and conditions for the provision of Basic Service and Traffic Service to VFR aircraft in Class E airspace are as promulgated in CAP 774.
4.1 Any queries or requests for further guidance as a result of this communication should be addressed to:
Airspace, ATM and Aerodromes
Safety and Airspace Regulation Group
Gatwick Airport South
West Sussex, RH6 0YR
5.1 This Information Notice will remain in force until further notice.
Welcome to the November 2014 enews of IAOPA Europe, which goes out to 23,000 aircraft owners and pilots in 27 countries across the continent.
Newsletter now available on the IAOPA EU website
Red tape slashed for non-EASA aircraft modifications.
The need for UK regulatory validation for airworthiness design changes, originally approved overseas, to a range of UK-registered aircraft types is to be scrapped, the UK Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) has announced. Owners and operators of ‘Annex 2’ aircraft, such as ex-military and vintage types eligible for a Certificate of Airworthiness (CofA), can now install any minor modification or change supported by a Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) that was approved by a state with which the UK holds a bilateral agreement – such as the US or Canada - without further CAA involvement.
The CAA said the change will eliminate the cost and time involved in validating and approving paperwork. The owner/operator can simply arrange for installation of the modification as per the approval and then get their maintenance organisation to certify its installation in the aircraft’s log-book. The change affects non-EASA aircraft, operating on a National Certificate of Airworthiness, such as Piper Super Cubs.
The new policy has been made possible through a change to BCAR CAP554, Chapter B2-5, which now permits the acceptance of modifications without CAA technical involvement, using criteria taken from the relevant bilateral safety agreements, such as the UK/US and UK/Canadian agreements.
AOPA welcome this change to simplify the fitting of Supplemental Type Certificate modifications or minor modifications to 'Annex 2' aircraft operating on a Certificate of Airworthiness. This should allow owners of these aircraft access to such modifications with a reduced administrative overhead.
Further Deferment of the Requirement to Hold a Part-FCL Licence.
The CAA have published Information Notice IN-2014/171 which confirms a further deferment, until 8 April 2016, of the Requirement to Hold a Part-FCL Licence (or a European Validation of a Third Country Licence) for Aircraft Engaged in Non-commercial Flights :
1.1 This Information Notice replaces IN-2013/206.
1.2 The requirement to hold a Part-FCL licence or a European validation of a third country licence in order to fly any aircraft that is registered in Europe or is flown by an EU-based operator and is engaged in non-commercial flights is to be deferred again. It is now expected to become effective on 8 April 2016.
1.3 The European Aviation Safety Aviation (EASA) Aircrew Regulation (Regulation (EU) No. 1178/2011 as amended) requires all pilots flying aircraft that are subject to European rules to hold a Part-FCL licence or a European validation of a third country licence. However, the Aircrew Regulation permits the Member States to defer the application of certain rules until specified dates.
1.4 For pilots who hold pilot licences issued by third countries, the UK has already deferred until 8 April 2015 the requirement to obtain a Part-FCL licence or a validation of their third country licences to conduct non-commercial flights in UK registered aircraft, or in aircraft registered elsewhere that are used by operators based in the UK. This is the maximum period allowable under the Aircrew Regulation as presently published. However, the next amendment of the Aircrew Regulation will allow the application of this requirement to be deferred until 8 April 2016, and the UK will do so.
1.5 A ‘third country licence’ means a licence issued by a country that is not an EASA Member State.
1.6 The EASA Member States are the EU Members plus Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
2.1 This information applies to pilots who hold third country licences who intend to fly UK-registered aircraft, or aircraft registered in any country that are used by operators located in the UK. The next amendment of the Aircrew Regulation will change the latest date for the use of the derogation under Article 12(4) of that regulation from 8 April 2015 to 8 April 2016. The UK will make full use of that derogation.
2.2 Applying this revised derogation has the effect that, up to 8 April 2016:
i) the pilots of aircraft registered outside the EU that are used by operators having their principal place of business in the UK, do not require Part-FCL licences or Europeanvalidations of their third country licences, provided that the flight is not for commercial operations (as defined in the Basic EASA Regulation (EU 216/2008)); and
ii) pilots who hold licences from other countries may fly UK registered aircraft for private purposes in accordance with the provisions of UK legislation - the Air Navigation Order 2009.
Note: Under EU legislation JAR-FCL and Part-FCL licences issued by EASA Member States remain valid for all UK-registered aircraft that are subject to EU rules.
The provision of (ii) above - to fly UK-registered aircraft using the national licence of a non EASA State - is subject to the restrictions (in the Air Navigation Order) that the provision does not entitle the licence holder:
a) to act as a member of the flight crew of any aircraft flying for the purpose of commercial air transport, public transport or aerial work or on any flight for which the holder receives remuneration for services as a member of the flight crew; or
b) to act as pilot of any aircraft flying in controlled airspace in circumstances requiring compliance with the Instrument Flight Rules or to give any instruction in flying.
2.3 The provisions set out in paragraph 2.2(ii) that allow a third country licence to be used only apply to licences that are compliant with the standards established under Annex I to the International Convention on Civil Aviation, also known as “ICAO standards”. Licences issued in compliance with the Convention are often referred to as ‘ICAO licences’ or licences issued in accordance with ICAO Annex I. Some countries issue licences that do not comply with
2.4 Pilots with third country licences who intend to fly UK-registered aircraft for non-commercial purposes prior to 8 April 2016, but outside of the restrictions set out in paragraph 2.2 (ii) above, must obtain a validation issued under the Air Navigation Order 2009 from the CAA before undertaking such flights.
3.1 The Article 12(4) derogation against the European pilot licensing requirements, applicable to non-commercial flights, that was due to end on 8 April 2015 will remain in place in the UK until 8 April 2016.
4.1 Any queries or requests for further guidance as a result of this communication should be addressed to:
Shared Services Centre
Civil Aviation Authority
GE, Aviation House
5.1 This Information Notice will remain in force until 1 December 2016.
Changes to Aircrew Regulation - advisory notice :
A recent EASA Committee vote agreed a significant number of amendments to the Aircrew Regulation. However, there are further EU processes which must be completed before these changes will come into effect.
At this time, Members should assume that the date of effect for the Aircrew Regulation amendment will be 8 April 2015; however, it is possible that the UK CAA might be able to introduce some of the policy changes earlier through exemptions. Should this be the case, we will of course inform you further.
Government Response to the General Aviation Red Tape Challenge Panel Report :
General Aviation (GA) plays a unique yet fundamental role within the UK’s aviation industry. 95% of all registered aircraft in this country are engaged in GA activity. The sector trains future generations of pilots and engineers. And it is worth approximately £1.4bn to our economy, supporting thousands of skilled jobs.
Yet this huge contribution has often gone unrecognised. Instead of protecting and supporting the industry, successive governments have allowed it to become overburdened with regulation. As a result, the future of a job-creating sector hasbeen put at risk, potentially compromising the growth of UK aviation and engineering skills and training.
The UK has long enjoyed an enviable reputation as a global centre of aviation excellence, but by continuing to undermine General Aviation, we were in danger of risking that status. So last year, the government launched the General Aviation Red Tape Challenge, asking the industry how best to reduce unnecessary regulation and stimulate growth across the GA sector. The unprecedented number of responses we received highlighted the urgent need to tackle issues long considered too difficult to address.
We appointed an independent panel of GA experts to challenge and critique the Government and the CAA’s programme of reform. The panel reported back in May, presenting us with a long list of ideas to cut red tape and wider recommendations. Implementing these is a big job, but it’s one we are determined to complete.
We have begun by setting out a timetable for action.
Next spring, we will join forces with the GA community, the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) and colleagues across government to produce a comprehensive GA strategy. Recently commissioned research into the value of GA to the UK economy will be used to drive this work forward and remove obstacles to growth. We have also made commitments to:
- Support the delivery of the European Aviation Safety Agency’s (EASA) General Aviation Road Map, including consideration of amendments to the EASA Basic Regulation where appropriate.
- Work with EASA and the US FAA to gain support for the principle of mutual recognition of manufacturing standards.
- Consider how to simplify legislation for GA users crossing borders.
- Launch a comprehensive review of the all sections of the Air Navigation Order affecting General Aviation
A Minister-led Star Chamber will be convened to ensure delivery of this programme. As well as reviewing Government progress against the Panel’s recommendations, this group will also monitor the CAA’s regulatory programme for GA.
Government has also endorsed the CAA’s red tape reform programme, and we welcome the recent launch of a GA Unit dedicated to effective, transparent, risk-based regulation. This has already resulted in projects to de-regulate single seat microlights; to allow hand held radios in permit-to-fly aircraft; to reduce the amount of classroom training required for student pilots; to allow the use of pilot controlled lighting at licensed aerodromes; and to let gyroplanes be used for self-hire.
Other proposed changes include:
- Reducing requirements for flight testing prototype or modified aircraft
- Allowing pilots over 65 to continue as the single pilot of commercial balloon flights
- Submitting to EASA a new training syllabus for private pilots that meets modern needs
- Reducing the number of questions in initial pilot exams to the minimum required.
We have already made a great deal of progress, but we are under no illusions about the amount of work ahead.
The Red Tape Challenge and the Challenge Panel have provided a strong framework for the future. This report demonstrates our determination to deliver this framework, to secure the UK’s position as a global GA leader and to unlock the sector’s potential for jobs and growth.
Robert Goodwill MP
Parliamentary Under Secretary
of State for Transport
Rt Hon Grant Shapps MP
Minister without Portfoliio
IN-2014/169: Introduction of the Part-FCL En-Route Instrument Rating in the United Kingdom :
The third amendment to the Aircrew Regulation has introduced a new rating called the En-route Instrument Rating (EIR). This Information Notice sets out the means by which the holders of UK-issued Part-FCL licences may qualify for an EIR.
The detailed Information Notice IN-2014/169 can be read here.